By Gwendolyn Leick
The Dictionary of historic close to jap Mythology covers assets from Mesopotamia, Syro-Palestine and Anatolia, from round 2800 to three hundred BC. It comprises entries on gods and goddesses, giving proof in their worship in temples, describing their 'character', as documented by way of the texts, and defining their roles in the physique of mythological narratives; synoptic entries on myths, giving where of starting place of major texts and a short heritage in their transmission in the course of the a while; and entries explaining using professional terminology, for things like different types of Sumerian texts or different types of mythological figures.
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Additional info for A Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Mythology
Quays and waterways, essential for profitable trade, are also erected; Dilmun is now a desirable place. ma, ‘mother of the land’, appears and Enki creates the marshland where he unites himself with Damgalnunna, who from this moment of conception on is called Ninsikil, ‘the pure lady’. After a pregnancy lasting nine days, she gives birth to Ninmu. , who in turn becomes impregnated by Enki and delivers Uttu, ‘vegetation’. Ninhursag now intervenes. She advises Uttu to avoid the advances of Enki. In order to achieve a union with Uttu, Enki now extends the water well into the dry zones, to the great delight of the gardener.
Another Sumerian text with the modern title, DUMUZI’S DREAM (Alster), concentrates on the psychological condition of the doomed hero. Dumuzi has left the city and wanders in the lonely steppe, the lawless Arali. He is overcome with foreboding and addresses the very landscape with all its inhabitants to inform his mother of his death, since without the customary burial rites his soul would never find peace. In the second part of the text we find Dumuzi in the sheepfold of his sister Geštinanna.
She is one of the very ancient Sumerian goddesses, well attested in texts since the Fara-period, especially in personal names. Kings mention her in their royal inscriptions (Uruinimgina, Entemena). ga). As the wife of Ningirsu she formed part of the Lagaš pantheon; her temple there was the É-urukuga. At the New Year festival the city celebrated a Sacred Marriage between her and Ningirsu. But there was also a temple of Baba at Uruk, at least from the time of Uruinimgina onwards. She is the recipient of numerous votive offerings, especially during the Neo-Sumerian period (Gudea).
A Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Mythology by Gwendolyn Leick