By Ernest Furchtgott
I first met Ernest Furchtgott twenty-five years in the past after becoming a member of the school of the varsity of Social paintings on the collage of South Carolina. at the moment, Ernie chaired the dep. of Psychology. within the following 3 years we collaborated with an educational Committee on Gerontology in conceptualizing and shaping the University's certificates of Graduate learn in Gerontology software, guiding it to ultimate approval by way of the South Carolina fee on larger schooling. For two decades we staff taught our graduate-level path, "Psychosocial methods to Geron tology," concerning colleagues from similar disciplines. through the years, we tested and together graded hundreds and hundreds of study posters ready by means of our graduate scholars in gerontology as their ultimate path requirement. numerous years in the past, Ernie officially retired from the college. He in stantly agreed to my request that he proceed educating the psychology of getting older component of our interdisciplinary path. On campus approximately on a daily basis on account that retirement, Ernie usually telephoned to debate are cent article within the Gerontologist or a paper presentation that had ex brought up him on the Gerontological Society's annual medical assembly. He maintained a transparent presence within the educational community.
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Extra resources for Aging and Human Motivation
In the supine position, HR in healthy individuals is not influenced by aging, but in the standing position, HR is higher in young than in older individuals (Schwartz, Gibb, & Tran, 1991). The same investigators also reported that beat-to-beat variation (SDs) of HRs are smaller in the older person. Cardiac output of older persons reaches its peak at a substantially lower work rate than it does in young adults. However, when maximum effort is not exerted, older healthy individuals may reach the same cardiac output as do younger persons (Shephard, 1987, pp.
Thus, a review of the information on various motives, some within an applied setting, may contribute to some understanding of the behavioral activities of the continuously growing older cohorts of our population. We cited McReynolds's (1990) observation that references to metaphors in motivation have been topical. This is not surprising, since it may be assumed that most human activities, aside from some basic physiological functions, have a motivational component. Attempts to develop overarching theories of behavior appear to be difficult, if not impossible.
DA losses are implicated in Parkinson's as well as in SDAT disease. In non pathological states, the role of DA has not been established thus far. While aging does not seem to affect presynaptic serotonin levels, postsynaptically, changes have been reported, especially in SDAT patients (Morgan & May, 1990). First, it is not possible to provide a brief summary of all neurotransmitter changes with age. It is analogous to the question, how are brain functions affected as a person ages? Aside from the technical difficulties in the assay of dozens of putative transmitters, the fundamental problem of separating "normal" aging changes from "pathological" disturbances remains.
Aging and Human Motivation by Ernest Furchtgott