By Robert Holzmann
Inhabitants getting older is predicted to impact the functionality of economic markets in built and rising economies at a time whilst ever extra nations are hoping on funded provisions for previous age source of revenue aid. This examine investigates the demanding situations confronted through those former transition international locations within the context of foreign adventure from the OECD and Latin the United States. The overarching end of this learn is that those demanding situations may be addressed yet addressing them would require decided coverage activities to accomplish monetary industry improvement and to advertise monetary literacy via schooling.
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Extra info for Aging Population, Pension Funds, and Financial Markets: Regional Perspectives and Global Challenges for Central, Eastern and Southern Europe (Directions in Development)
Note: CESE, Central, Eastern, and Southern Europe. “Red” means that particular readiness criteria have not been met (see chapter text and the appendix for a discussion). For reforms implemented after 2001, the score is for 2006. jumped by 10 percentage points, to almost 85 percent. These countries succeeded in reducing their number of red flags, including those for highimportance areas such as financial sector instruments. Yet all three (and Hungary as well) received new red flags because none had made significant progress in financial literacy and education in the years since their reforms were launched.
All CESE countries have undertaken parametric reforms, some significant, others basic. Some, including the Czech Republic and Slovenia, have resisted introducing mandated funded pillars, but their existing pay-as-you-go schemes require further parametric reforms to become sustainable. Among transition countries as a group, in Armenia, Montenegro, and Serbia, the debate over funded pillars continues. Albania, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Kyrgyz Republic, and Turkmenistan have yet to undertake the basic reforms and may need to defer consideration of funded pillars until their preconditions have been met.
As of 2005. (c) The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank 46 Bebczuk and Musalem less than 17 percent of market capitalization and less than 15 percent of bank deposits (except in Chile and El Salvador, where pension funds held a larger share of bank deposits). Moreover, although these shares have, in general, risen since the 1990s, the pace of growth has been slow. This suggests that government debt and, to a smaller degree, bank deposits are the primary investment choices for pension funds in most emerging countries.
Aging Population, Pension Funds, and Financial Markets: Regional Perspectives and Global Challenges for Central, Eastern and Southern Europe (Directions in Development) by Robert Holzmann